The Aegean Islands, as the name itself suggests, refer to the group of islands that are located in the Aegean Sea. To the west lies the mainland Greece, Turkey to east, Crete Island to the south and Karpathos, Khasos and Rhodes to the southeast.
Apparently, Archipelago, which is the Greek term of the Aegean Sea, has been used to refer to the islands that it covers. At present, however, it is now generally applied as the term Archipelago refers to any group of islands.
The vast mainstream of the Aegean Islands is generally included in the sovereign of Greece. With this, it has been separated among nine administrative regions. In connection to this, Turkey owns the Tenedos (Bozcaada) and Imbros (Gökçeada) in the north-eastern region of the Aegean Sea.
When it comes to the climate, majority of the islands in the sea experiences cold winter and warm temperatures during summer. This is the effect of the Mediterranean climate. Meanwhile, the Aegean islands have been traditionally split into 7 groups. As such, these seven groups are the Argo-Saronic Islands, Cyclades, Euboea, Dodecanese, Crete, North-eastern Aegean Islands and Sporades. Furthermore, the Italian version of the Aegean Islands is sometimes applied pertaining to the Aegean Islands that have been conquered by the state of Italy in the 1912 Italo-Turkish War.
Meanwhile, Rhodes, which is located in the most eastern part of the group, comes with an area of five hundred forty square kilometres. In addition to this, it is also the largest island in the group. There are arrays of hills that track from the northeast part to the southeast region. The said island also reaches the altitude of one thousand and two hundred meters. Grain cultivations are potential in coastal plains as well as inland valleys due to the rich land that that islands offers.
In addition to the ancient Minoan Civilization, Rhode has also been a very significant commercial center particularly under the Dorian Tribes that has originated from Mainland some 1000 BC ago. In connection to this, you will see the bronze statue of the god of sun Helios upon entering the harbour of Rhodes, the capital city. Rhodes has had gained a very notable in the history as the island had served as the fortress of the Hospitallers Christina Knights at the dawn of the fourteenth and 16th d century against their Turkish nemesis. Upon the entry of the twentieth century, Rhodes has gained a very convincing prosperity because of tourisms. In addition to that, Rhodes is also potential for the production of wine, fruits and grains.
Ikaria and Samos.
Just on the north of The Twelve Islands is the Islands of Ikaria and Samos. Of l all the Greek islands, Samos has distinctive features as it is covered and teemed with trees. Aside from that, the fertile land of Samos islands are also good for the production of grapes and olives. Fournoi and Ikaria do not teem with fertile land. Meanwhile, majority of the Chios Island is mountainous. However, fertile lands in the east and south are potential for the cultivation of grapes as well as fruits. Lesbos, Ayios Evastratios and Lemnos are the three Aegean islands that are located on the northernmost most part. Lesbos, the third largest Greek island possesses rugged terrain that comes with well-watered foothills and lowlands. Olives are the most prominent produces in these areas. On the other hand, Lemnos has a relatively flat inland terrain. However, there is a serious scarcity of water in the said islands. However, the island is perfect for raising goats and sheep instead of agriculture.